Greece Travel Guide

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Athens Greece
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Trip Holidays Greece offers travel tips and information for top travel places and best destinations. We feature links, resources and large selection of budget airlines, chartered planes, sea cruises, ferries, travel agencies, land transports and attractions including beaches, medical tourism, retirement homes, historical and pilgrimage tours.


Greek Music

Greek music extends far back into Ancient times were mixed-gender choruses performed for entertainment, celebration and spiritual reasons, instruments during that time period included the double-reed aulos and the plucked string instrument, the lyre, especially the special kind called a kithara. Music played an important role in the education system during ancient times were boys taught music from the age of six. Later it was influences from the Roman Empire, Eastern Europe and the Byzantine Empire that changed Greek music. While the new technique of polyphony was developing in the West, the Eastern Orthodox Church resisted any type of change. Therefore, Byzantine music remained monophonic and without any form of instrumental accompaniment. As a result, Byzantine music was deprived of polyphony and instrumental accompaniment, elements of which in the West encouraged an unimpeded development of art. However, the isolation of Byzantium, which kept music away from polyphony, along with centuries of continuous culture, enabled monophonic music to develop to the greatest heights of perfection. Byzantium presented with a melodic treasury of inestimable value for its rhythmical variety and expressive power the monophonic Byzantine chant.

Along with the Byzantine chant, a form of artistic musical creation, the Greek people also cultivated the Greek folk song which is divided into two cycles, the akritic and klephtic. The akritic was created between the 9th and 10th centuries A.D. and expressed the life and struggles of the akrites (frontier guards) of the Byzantine empire, the most well known being the stories associated with Digenes Akritas. The klephtic cycle came into being between the late Byzantine period and the start of the Greek War of Independence struggle in 1821. The klephtic cycle, together with historical songs, paraloghes (narrative song or ballad), love songs, wedding songs, songs of exile and dirges express the life of the Greeks. There is a unity between the Greek people's struggles for freedom, their joys and sorrow and attitudes towards love and death.

The Second World War, German occupation of Greece and the Greek Civil War decisively influenced the Greek folk song. After the first World War and the 1922 debacle, the trend towards urban living focused on Athens where popular musicians congregated and, in 1928, founded their own professional society: the Athens and Piraeus Musicians Society. Until the early years of this century, musical tradition was preserved in the villages where there was little contact with the outside world. The events and social changes of the 20th century changed the fate of the folk song in Greece. Once the seat of folk song was the village, now the reverse applies. The commercialized folk song spreads in all directions to the remotest villages. The authentic songs and dances have been replaced by the stylized modern "folk songs" written by contemporary musicians which they write new lyrics to authentic folk tunes, changing them enough to ensure copyright protection.


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Greece Travel Destination
Athens Greece - Chios Greece - Delphi Greece - Heraklion Greece - Kalambaka Greece - Kavala Greece
Larisa Greece - Mykonos Town Greece - Nafplion Greece - Olympia Greece - Rhodes Town Greece
Samos Island Greece - Santorini Greece - Santorini-Fira Town - Thessaloniki Greece

Greece Travel Informations and Greece Travel Guide
About Greece - History of Greece - Geography of Greece - Climate of Greece
Politics of Greece - Greece Political Parties - Peripheries & Prefectures - Foreign Relations of Greece
Economy of Greece - Maritime Industry in Greece - Science & Technology of Greece - Tourism in Greece
Transport in Greece - Demographics of Greece - Greece Immigration
Religion in Greece - Languages of Greece - Education in Greece - Culture of Greece
Greek Philosophy - Greek Cuisine - Greek Music - Sports in Greece

Greece Tourist Attractions and Landmarks
Tourism in Greece - Athens Attractions - Peloponnese Attractions - Meteora Attractions - Cyclades Attractions

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